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From too much waste to local energy production

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Tomas Olejniczak is an energy consultant from the Netherlands Enterprise Agency. He visited the West Bank in 2020 to represent the Energy Transition Facility programme (ETF). He helped the local government prepare for its first sustainable waste-to-energy plant there. 

Not enough energy and too much waste

Because there are no power plants on the West Bank of the river Jordan, the region must import most of its energy. The West Bank also has a severe waste problem. The landfills are almost complete, and there is little space for expansion. 

The Palestinian Energy and Natural Resources Authority (PENRA) asked the Netherlands Enterprise Agency's ETF programme for help. Tomas Olejniczak brought together local authorities, international NGOs and Dutch consultants to help solve this energy and waste problem. 

Waste-to-energy

The Netherlands has a lot of knowledge and experience in waste-to-energy (W2E), turning waste into energy. Tomas made sure that PENRA received the correct information from the Dutch specialists. Based on their data, PENRA started a pilot project to burn non-recyclable waste. This was an essential step toward the region's local, sustainable energy production.

"Domestic waste combustion is a technology with areas of concern," Tomas explains. "If a process goes wrong, the plant will cause more pollution. And if waste flows lack management, the plant will become less efficient after a few years." That is why he decided to help PENRA avoid these problems.

Step-by-step plan

A feasibility study showed that W2E is possible for the West Bank. To guarantee a good start for the project, Tomas ensured employees had a clear picture of the problem. "We looked at different scenarios, determined the factors we would need to take into account and analysed the risks." PENRA now has a good idea of the steps needed to build its first direct combustion plant.

Tomas thinks PENRA can do this within 5 years. "The next step is to create a design to prepare for the tender." This document describes the size of the plant, the rules it must follow and the maximum pollution limits. There is also a strong focus on the pre-combustion phase. First, separate and compost household waste as much as possible. "One goal of our programme is to ensure energy production is as sustainable as possible."

Energy Transition Facility

With the ETF programme, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs helped countries in the Middle East and North Africa transition to sustainable energy. The programme is now closed. For more information on energy programmes, visit the CERF page.

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