Energy and Climate Reporting to the EU & UN |

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Energy and Climate Reporting to the EU & UN


Under the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol, Parties are required to report regularly on emissions of greenhouse gases and on steps they are taking to carry out the agreements. These national reports are reviewed by the UNFCCC.

To help with monitoring and reporting, the UN Convention on Climate and the Kyoto Protocol require a so-called National System and a 'single national entity', the authority that is responsible for the National System. The Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy has appointed the Netherlands Enterprise Agency as 'single national entity' (National Inventory Entity, NIE).

Furthermore, NIE has an important role in reporting under the EU’s greenhouse gas Monitoring Mechanism reports (MMR) and the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action (Governance Regulation, GR).

How is it done

  • National System: a general description of the Netherlands system for monitoring and reporting on greenhouse gas emissions. This system includes a set of methodology reports and arrangements for quality control and quality assurance, described on special webpages.
  • Methodology reports: the methodology reports, describing methodologies for estimating and reporting greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands
  • National Reports to the UNFCCC: national reports under the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, including annual national inventory reports, regular reports on climate policy (National Communications and Biennial Reports) and occasional special reports. Also results of UNFCCC reviews are made accessible.
  • National Reports to the EU: national reports under the EU’s greenhouse gas monitoring mechanism (MMR) and governance regulation on the energy union (GR)
  • Quality control and assurance (QA/QC): description of a system of internal checks, review- and audit processes for managing the quality of the inventories and reports
  • Guidelines: an overview of the most relevant international guidelines, with which national reports must comply
  • Links: an overview of, and links to relevant organisations and institutes


The new list of fuels and standard CO2 emission factors 2022 is available below.

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