Offshore wind energy plans for 2023 completed: final wind farm ready for use

Published on:
20 December 2023

The Hollandse Kust Noord wind farm in the Dutch North Sea is ready for use. With the completion of this wind farm, the Offshore Wind Energy Roadmap 2023 has been successfully completed. This means that we achieved our 2023 ambitions on time, within budget and almost without subsidy: more than 4.5 GW of offshore wind energy now operates in the Netherlands. The Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO) coordinated the offshore site studies and the tender process (allocating permits for the construction and operation of the wind farms).

Power for the Netherlands

The Hollandse Kust Noord wind farm has an installed capacity of 759 megawatts (MW) and will generate at least 3.3 terawatt hours (TWh) per year. The wind farm will therefore provide approximately 2.8% of current electricity needs in the Netherlands. This is equivalent to the energy consumption of about a million households. With this wind farm, we are making a large part of energy consumption in the Netherlands more sustainable.

The construction of Hollandse Kust Noord

CrossWind, a joint venture between Shell and Eneco, received the permit to build and operate the Hollandse Kust Noord wind farm on 30 July 2020. Construction of the wind farm officially started on 17 October 2022, when the first monopile went into the seabed. These monopiles form the foundation of the wind turbines in the North Sea. All work is now complete. This means the wind turbines are in place and the wind farm is officially ready for use.

Coordination by Netherlands Enterprise Agency

To make the construction of wind farms as simple as possible, the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO) has been conducting offshore site studies since 2015. These studies map wind, water and soil conditions. This gives developers the information they need when designing and planning the construction of an offshore wind farm. We coordinate the work and the companies that carry out the offshore studies. Netherlands Enterprise Agency also carries out the tender process. This means that we assess permit applications for a new wind farm, but also help write the regulations.

Roadmap completed

The opening of Hollandse Kust Noord is the final step in completing the Offshore Wind Energy Roadmap 2023. The Borssele and Hollandse Kust Zuid wind farms were also part of the 2023 Roadmap. These wind farms have been in use since 2020 and 2023. The 4.7 GW will provide approximately 16% of the current electricity needs in the Netherlands. We will continue to work on the 2030/2031 Roadmap in 2024. As part of this, we aim for 21 GW of installed offshore wind, enough for 75% of current Dutch electricity demand.

The Story of Offshore Wind

Watch the film 'The Story of Offshore Wind' to see:

  • how we grew to more than 4.5 GW of offshore wind energy;
  • what lessons we have learned;
  • and why the Dutch approach proved so successful.
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