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Stimulation of sustainable energy production and climate transition (SDE++)

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Are you going to produce renewable energy or apply CO2-reducing techniques? If so, you may be eligible for the subsidy sustainable energyproduction and climate transition (SDE++). This subsidy is intended for companies and organisations (non-profit and otherwise) in sectors such as industry, mobility, electricity, agriculture and the built environment. The Dutch national government cannot take part.

Opening round and budget 2023

The next opening round will be in september. 

A budget of €8 billion is available for the SDE++ 2023.

SDE++ tender round 2023

PhaseStart and end date 2023Subsidy intensity phase limit
(€/tonne CO2)

Phase 1


Phase 2


Phase 3

Phase 4



Phase 5


For more information on the various phases, the maximum subsidy amounts and the ranking of applications, see the Features SDE++ page.


The SDE++ provides subsidies for the use of techniques for the generation of renewable energy and the reduction of CO2. The table below provides an overview of the techniques that may be eligible for SDE++ subsidy in 2023. 

Categories SDE++

Main categorySubcategory
Renewable elektricity
  • Osmosis
  • Hydropower
  • Wind
  • Solar PV
Renewable heat and CHP
  • Biomass fermentation
  • Biomass combustion
  • Composing mushroom compost
  • Geothermal (deep and ultra-deep)
  • Solar thermal 
Renewable gas
  • Biomass fermentation
  • Biomass gasification
Low-carbon heat
  • Aquathermal
  • Daylight greenhouses
  • Solar PVT panels with a heat pump
  • Electric boiler
  • Geothermal (shallow)
  • Use of waste heat
  • Industrial heat pump
  • Hybrid glas furnaces
Low-carbon production
  • Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
  • Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU)
  • Advanced renewable fuels
  • Hydrogen by elektrolysis

For some production facilities that use biomass to generate energy, there is a system of controls in place to ensure that the criteria for sustainability are met.

If you are granted an SDE++ subsidy, it will be awarded over a period of 12 or 15 years. The duration of your subsidy will depend on which technology you use.


In order to be eligible for the SDE++ scheme, you must meet several conditions. There are general conditions and category-specific conditions. View the general conditions.


When the SDE++ is open, you can apply for the subsidy on our application page. You can read how to do this, which appendices you need to enclose and how the Netherlands Enterprise Agency assesses the applications in the SDE++ Step-by-step plan.

You will receive a subsidy decision within 13 weeks of submitting your application. This period can be extended once by a further 13 weeks. If it is positive, it will state the maximum amount of subsidy you may receive over the entire duration of the subsidy.

After the decision

Have you received a positive decision on your application for the SDE+ or SDE++? If so, you can start to implement your project. After realization of your production facility you will receive a monthly subsidy advance. Once a year your subsidy will be adjusted in accordance with your actual production rates and the actual corrective amount. 

Are you considering to apply for the SDE++? Read more about the application procedure in our SDE++ step-by-step plan on the page Apply for SDE++.

Resubmit project

Did you receive a positive subsidy decision for your project in an earlier round, but are you no longer able to realize this project under the conditions of your decision? For example, because the costs have gone up, as a result of which the project is no longer profitable. In this case you may be able to submit a new application for your project.

You must send us a request to withdraw your current subsidy decision before you apply for subsidy again. In this request you explain why you cannot realize the project with the existing decision. The request is sent to us by e-mail, stating your SDE project number. We will then assess whether the decision can be revoked.

If you submit a new application and have not withdrawn your current subsidy decision, we will reject the new application. According to the regulation, no more than one positive decision may be issued for the same production installation.

Priority for techniques within a category of techniques

New in 2023 are categories of techniques in the subsidy budget. A category ensures that certain techniques with a higher subsidy intensity have a better chance of being discussed. This concerns techniques that fall under 'Low-temperature heat', 'High-temperature heat' and 'Molecules'. These we call domains. In the brochure you can read which techniques are involved.

These techniques are less cost-effective in the short term, but in the longer term they are necessary for the energy transition. Costs may decrease as they become more widely used. To stimulate projects in these domains, we reserve € 750 million per domain.

We treat subsidy applications within the categories in the same way as outside the categories. When the budget within a category has been divided, any remaining applications for this domain will be transferred to the budget outside the category. If budget remains within a category, we add this to the budget outside the category so that other techniques can still claim it.

Banking of production

SDE+(+) allows for the option of banking. In case the production is less than predicted, you can use the difference in later years. Producers can also carry over any excess output to the following year.

The latest form of banking cannot be more than 25% of the subsidised yearly production of energy, except for the wind categories. The wind factor provides an alternative to banking in covering the operator's risk of losing out on subsidy. 

This infographic (pdf) explains the banking system.

Brochure SDE++ 2023

Every year we publish an information brochure that provides an overview of the techniques and categories that one can apply for. The terms and conditions of each category are also enclosed in this document. More information regarding the SDE++ 2023 can also be found in this brochure. The brochure will be published as soon as possible.

More information

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