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SDE++ Apply

Published on:
29 November 2013
Last checked on:
5 October 2023

Are you going to produce renewable energy or apply CO2-reducing techniques? If so, you may be eligible for the subsidy sustainable energyproduction and climate transition (SDE++). This subsidy is intended for companies and organisations (non-profit and otherwise) in sectors such as industry, mobility, electricity, agriculture and the built environment. The Dutch national government cannot take part.

Opening round and budget 2023

The next opening round was from 5 September to 5 October. 

A budget of €8 billion is available for the SDE++ 2023.

SDE++ tender round 2023

Phase Start and end date 2023 Subsidy intensity phase limit
(€/tonne CO2)
Phase 1 5 September 9:00 to 11 September 17:00 hours 90
Phase 2 11 September 17:00 to 18 September 17:00 hours 180
Phase 3 18 September 17:00 to 25 September 17:00 hours 240
Phase 4 25 September 17:00 to 2 October 17:00 hours 300
Phase 5 2 October 17:00 to 5 October 17:00 hours 400

For more information on the various phases, the maximum subsidy amounts and the ranking of applications, see the Features SDE++ page.


The SDE++ provides subsidies for the use of techniques for the generation of renewable energy and the reduction of CO2. The table below provides an overview of the techniques that may be eligible for SDE++ subsidy in 2023. 

Categories SDE++

Main category Subcategory
Renewable elektricity
  • Osmosis
  • Hydropower
  • Wind
  • Solar PV
Renewable heat
  • Biomass fermentation
  • Biomass combustion
  • Composting
  • Geothermal energy
  • Solar thermal energy
Renewable gas
  • Biomass fermentation
  • Biomass gasification
Low-carbon heat
  • Aquathermal energy
  • Air-water heat pump
  • Daylight greenhouses
  • Solar PVT panels with a heat pump
  • Electric boilers
  • Geothermal energy with heat pump
  • Waste heat recovery
  • Industrial heat pumps
Low-carbon production
  • Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
  • Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU)
  • Advanced renewable fuels
  • Hydrogen production by elektrolysis

For some production facilities that use biomass to generate energy, there is a system of controls in place to ensure that the criteria for sustainability are met.

If you are granted an SDE++ subsidy, it will be awarded over a period of 12 or 15 years. The duration of your subsidy will depend on which technology you use.


In order to be eligible for the SDE++ scheme, you must meet several conditions. There are general conditions and category-specific conditions. View the general conditions.


You can read how to do this, which appendices you need to enclose and how the Netherlands Enterprise Agency assesses the applications in the SDE++ Step-by-step plan.

Step-by-step plan

Continue reading if you want to find out how you can apply, and what documents you need to attach to your application. For more information about the phases, the maximum subsidy amounts and how applications are ranked, see the Features of the SDE++ Scheme page.

You can no longer apply for the subsidy in 2023. The facility is closed.

You will receive a subsidy decision within 13 weeks of submitting your application. This period can be extended once by a further 13 weeks. If it is positive, it will state the maximum amount of subsidy you may receive over the entire duration of the subsidy.

After the decision

Have you received a positive decision on your application for the SDE+ or SDE++? If so, you can start to implement your project. After realization of your production facility you will receive a monthly subsidy advance. Once a year your subsidy will be adjusted in accordance with your actual production rates and the actual corrective amount. 

Resubmit project

Did you receive a positive subsidy decision for your project in an earlier round, but are you no longer able to realize this project under the conditions of your decision? For example, because the costs have gone up, as a result of which the project is no longer profitable. In this case you may be able to submit a new application for your project.

You must send us a request to withdraw your current subsidy decision before you apply for subsidy again. In this request you explain why you cannot realize the project with the existing decision. The request is sent to us by e-mail, stating your SDE project number. We will then assess whether the decision can be revoked.

If you submit a new application and have not withdrawn your current subsidy decision, we will reject the new application. According to the regulation, no more than one positive decision may be issued for the same production installation.

Priority for techniques within a category of techniques

New in 2023 are categories of techniques in the subsidy budget. A category ensures that certain techniques with a higher subsidy intensity have a better chance of being discussed. This concerns techniques that fall under 'Low-temperature heat', 'High-temperature heat' and 'Molecules'. These we call domains. In the brochure you can read which techniques are involved.

These techniques are less cost-effective in the short term, but in the longer term they are necessary for the energy transition. Costs may decrease as they become more widely used. To stimulate projects in these domains, we reserve € 750 million per domain.

We treat subsidy applications within the categories in the same way as outside the categories. When the budget within a category has been divided, any remaining applications for this domain will be transferred to the budget outside the category. If budget remains within a category, we add this to the budget outside the category so that other techniques can still claim it.

Banking of production

SDE+(+) allows for the option of banking. In case the production is less than predicted, you can use the difference in later years. Producers can also carry over any excess output to the following year.

The latest form of banking cannot be more than 25% of the subsidised yearly production of energy, except for the wind categories. The wind factor provides an alternative to banking in covering the operator's risk of losing out on subsidy. 

This infographic (pdf) explains the banking system.

Brochure SDE++ 2023

Every year we publish an information brochure that provides an overview of the techniques and categories that one can apply for. The terms and conditions of each category are also enclosed in this document. More information regarding the SDE++ 2023 can be found in the brochure below. 

More information

Commissioned by:
  • Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy
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