Energy and climate reports
The Netherlands is obligated to periodically report on climate and energy matters in compliance with international agreements. This involves a variety of reports such as historical greenhouse gas emissions, policies and measures, climate financing, projections and energy savings.
The energy and climate reports in this section are in accordance with:
- UNFCCC (Paris Agreement)
- EU (Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union)
The reporting requirements do not only focus on the content, but also on the national arrangements that are in place to ensure the quality of the information used in these reports.
National Inventory Entity (NIE)
In accordance with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), we have been appointed as National Inventory Entity (NIE).
That means we are responsible for:
- the national system and quality aspects of the greenhouse gas inventory (historical emissions);
- coordination of the national climate and energy reports in accordance with the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union. It also establishes new monitoring and reporting where necessary;
- supporting of international reviews;
- maintaining a network of collaboration for data and reports (national and international);
- supporting the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate (EZK) as a member of the delegation to the climate negotiations, such as the yearly COP, and the EU committees for the EED and the Energy Union.
- participation in EU committees for the Climate Change Committee, the Energy Efficiency Directive and the Energy Union.
Distinction between UNFCCC and EU
This website provides more information on the national reports, methodology descriptions and accounting of greenhouse gas emissions in the context of UNFCCC and EU reporting obligations. This site is structured in such a way that there is a clear distinction between the UNFCCC and EU activities and reports. The greenhouse gas inventory report is delivered both to the UNFCCC as well as the EU.
Reports to the UNFCCC
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) sets out the basic legal framework and principles for international climate change cooperation with the aim of stabilising atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. The UNFCCC secretariat serves to advance the implementation of the Convention and the Paris Agreement. National reports to the UNFCCC include greenhouse gas inventory reports, as well as reports on national climate policies (on mitigation, adaptation, financial support etc.) and progress in achieving climate targets.
Read more about:
Reports to the EU
The governance mechanism of the Energy Union is based on integrated national energy and climate plans (NECPs) covering ten-year periods with the first running from 2021 to 2030. These NECPs are established in order to meet energy and climate goals and to report on the progress of these targets. It aggregates EU and national long-term strategies, reporting, monitoring and data publication.
Read more about:
Climate change and climate change conventions
- The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris agreement include agreements on stabilising or reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
- The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) investigates the enhanced greenhouse gas effect. Regularly new reports and developments are presented on their website.
Greenhouse gas emissions
The National Inventory Reports provide information on the emissions in the Netherlands. Other databases with information on greenhouse gas emissions:
- Pollutant Release and Transfer Register emission, data and information on methods with regard to estimating emissions to air, water and soil in the Netherlands: Pollutant Release and Transfer Register;
- Reports with emission data of the EU, elaborated by the EEA, the European Environment Agency: Emission reports European Union;
- Information on the environment in the Netherlands: Environmental Data Compendium.
The monitoring of greenhouse gases is carried out in co-operation with various organisations:
- CBS (Statistics Netherlands)
- TNO (Institute for Applied Research)
- PBL (Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency)
- RIVM (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment)
- Rijkswaterstaat (design, construction, management and maintenance of the main infrastructure facilities in the Netherlands)
- Wageningen University & Research
- Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy