National Reports to the European Union
This page gives access to the following national reports submitted by the Netherlands to the European Union (EU) under the Governance Regulation (EU) 2018/199 of the Energy Union.
Reports under the Governance Regulation (and previously the MMR)
Until 2020, the EU Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (MMR) required EU Member States to reports on subjects such as policies and measures, projections, climate adaptation actions, support to developing countries and the auctioning of EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) allowances. From 2021, the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action is in force, with similar reporting requirements as the MMR.
Besides the reports below, the Netherlands also reports the greenhouse gas emissions of all sectors in the National Inventory Report. These reports are submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as well as the EU.
Overview reports GR
Overview reports MMR
National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) & progress reports (NECPRs)
Under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action, EU Member States submitted an integrated National Energy and Climate plans (NECP, in Dutch: INEK) by the end of 2019. By 2023 and 2024 the Member States will provide (draft) updates on the plans, in line with the 5-yearly ambition cycle of the Paris climate agreement.
The NECP and the draft updated NECP in 2023 can be found here.
National system for Policies and Measures and projections
Member States shall provide a description of their national systems for reporting on policies and measures, or groups of measures, and projections. The latest update is made in 2023.
Additional reports Energy Efficiency Directive (EED)
The progress report on energy efficiency is integrated in the above mentioned NECPRs. The following documents are published separately:
In accordance with article 8 (before: article 7) of the EU Energy Efficiency Directive (2018/2002) Member States are obliged to save on the final use of energy. These savings must be additional to those resulting from the implementation of EU legislation, such as EU standards for products or vehicles. In the Methodology document on energy savings below (in Dutch), the Netherlands indicates the methods, in accordance with article 3 point 2 (h) of the Governance Regulation, that are used to monitor and calculate the energy that is saved.
See the EED Methodedocument Energiebesparing (Dutch).
Potential to decarbonize heating and cooling in the Netherlands
In accordance with the EU Energy Efficiency Directive (2018/2002), Member States are obliged to carry out a comprehensive assessment of the potential for the application of high-efficiency co-generation and efficient district heating and cooling every five years. The Netherlands has conducted this assessment in 2020 (in Dutch) analysing the potential to decarbonise heating and cooling in buildings, industry and horticulture.
Additional reports Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry regulation (LULUCF)
The greenhouse gases attributed to LULUCF and the progress on LULUCF policies are integrated in the national inventory reports and the above mentioned NECPR. The following documents are published separately:
National Forestry Accounting Plan / Forest Reference Level 2021-2025
According to the EU Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry Regulation (LULUCF), accounting of emissions and removals from managed forest land should be done against a Forest Reference Level (FRL). In 2019, the Netherlands published its National Forestry Accounting Plan (NFAP), which included the specifics on its FRL for 2021-2025, as well as an explanation how the FRL was determined.
LULUCF compliance reports
Next to the annual NIR and the NFAP, the Netherlands is required – as per the EU LULUCF Regulation - to report on their greenhouse gas emissions and removals in the LULUCF sector by publishing compliance reports. The total amount of greenhouse gas emissions and removals for the period of 2021-2025 should be outlined in a report published no later than 2027, whereas those for the period of 2026-2030 should be reported by 2032. See also the Allocation and settlement of emission allowances EU.
Reporting regulations and guidelines
From 2021, the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action is in force. This provides the general framework for reporting on climate and energy. The following reporting regulations and guidelines are applicable to the work on energy and climate reporting in which we are involved:
- Regulation (EU) 2018/199 on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action
- Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2020/2018 on structure, format, submission processes and review of information reported by the Member States pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2018/1999
- Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/2299 laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the structure, format, technical details and process for the integrated national energy and climate progress reports
- Regulation (EU) 2018/841 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework
- Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy