Offshore wind has an important role to play in the future energy supply. This calls for a systematic approach, paying attention to the balance between energy supply and demand and the connection between the offshore and onshore energy infrastructures.
Attention must be paid to the transmission, storage and distribution of various energy carriers, such as electricity and gas (including hydrogen gas).
Main Energy Structure Programme
The Main Energy Structure Programme (Programma Energie Hoofdstructuur (PEH)) aims to ensure sufficient capacity is available in time on the national energy network. Therefore, it looks at what is needed to ensure a proper balance between energy supply and demand by 2050. This concerns the 'highways and byways' for the transmission and distribution of electricity, heat, fuel and gases, including methane, CO2 and hydrogen.
An overarching analysis of this was started in early 2021. The programme will be adopted in 2022.
Study System Integration Offshore Wind 2030-2040
The climate-neutral energy scenarios make forecasts about the form and quantity of energy in the system in 2050. In addition, we also need to determine the locations offshore where energy can be generated for the period 2030-2040, taking into account the lowest cost to society and the timing and extent of offshore hydrogen production.
To weigh up the pros and cons of transmission of electricity generated offshore versus the transport of hydrogen produced offshore, additional research was carried out. The most important thing is to clarify the conditions and speed of development of offshore hydrogen production. Read the report.